One of the most important crops ever is the cultivation of hot peppers, fantastic plants that generate a product loved all over the world, with a taste spicy and superfine. In this guide on how to growing chilli peppers you will learn how to cultivate your passion entirely, from germination to harvest of growing chilly peppers, together with the Eureka Grow Shop in this informative article.
Germination of chili-seeds
There are various indoor methods, which we remember are indoors for example in a grow box, and outdoors which are found outside for example in a terrace (only if the night temperatures do not drop below 12°). We also remember that the chili seeds will take from 3 to 15 days to germinate, depending on the temperature, variety and vitality of the seeds themselves. Of all the methods, 3 are the most famous and used:
Germination method with Scottex
An alternative to sowing chilli pepper in soil is germination with paper towels which must be kept always humid and at temperature suitable. This is considered one of the best germinations compared to that in soil because it allows you to:
- To germinate seeds that have difficulty in germinating.
- Sow a large number of seeds in a small space.
- Maintain optimal temperature and humidity.
This technique is called germination paper towel which is usually used using a Germbox. The seeds must be checked at least once a day and as soon as the root appears, they must be buried with the root down, taking care not to damage it.
Germination with a glass of water
Keep in mind that to germinate the seeds with the glass of water method chillies do not need light, but 2 elements: heat and humidity. The temperature must be between 25° and 28° with the humidity of 70-75%. It is recommended to soften the seed husks and disinfect them by soaking them in chamomile for about 24 hours. By doing so, the germination of the seed will be much more inclined and faster.
Germinating seeds in pots
The real meaning of growing chilli pepper is to take care of the young plants and after the first transfer it will be time to analyze and act on your plants. previous you will have to choose the right pepper pots, large enough to meet the needs of the cultivated pepper varieties.
What kind of soil does the chili pepper need?
It is necessary to choose a sowing soil for chillies, avoiding saving on less expensive soil because the structure of the future plant will be worth it. As jars you can use simple cups of coffee with holes in the bottom or seedbeds. The seeds must not be buried deeply, in fact, the deeper they are, the slower their germination will be. Ensure a constant temperature of 28°, your task will only be to: keep the soil always moist by covering it with a thin layer of vermiculite.
Ideal light for chilli plants
The lighting cycle for your seedlings is 16 hours of light and 8 hours of darkness. But all based on the size of your growbox and in addition you will have to choose the appropriate grow lamps. We recommend spacing the lamps 10-15 cm from the leaves of the seedlings to avoid burns. It also avoids 24-hour light cycles as they can cause stress in young seedlings.
Irrigation and fertilization of chilli plants
The soil must always be kept moist avoiding water stagnation. An indicative amount of water that we can recommend for a plant is 8 ml, but it depends a lot on the environmental conditions. A very useful trick that we give you is to weigh the glass, and if it is heavy, avoid watering otherwise you can continue to water without problems. As for the fertilization we remind you that fertilizing does not mean putting trash in the plants, but it means giving the right nourishment and help for structural growth. Each phase of chilli plant growth is characterized by a different nutrient! When you start fertilizing your plants, their growth will be exponential, getting bigger and bigger. So much so that the time between one repotting and the next will shrink more and more. Remember that small plants in this phase do not need other nutrients, in fact they must not be fertilized until 1 month from birth. If the chilli seedlings grow healthy, everything goes well and within a month they will emit 8/10 true leaves in addition to the cotyledons. At this stage, a glass will be too small and the roots will have covered the entire stick of earth so you will have to take a container of larger dimensions and change it without causing disasters.